Photo Credit: Paul Cryan

Jamaican Fruit-eating Bat

Artibeus jamaicensis

Order: Chiroptera

Suborder: Yangochiroptera

Family: Vespertilionidae

Call characteristics:

Low frequency caller (12-6 kHz sweep)


4 1/5 - 4 1/2 in

(10.7 – 11.5 cm)


  1/2 - 3/4 oz (15 - 20 g)

The spotted bat is easy to distinguish from other North American bats by its combination of black fur with two white dorsal spots and large, pink ears. Spotted bats are found in arid areas with vegetation such as juniper, sagebrush, and pine savannahs. This bat typically roosts and hibernates in rock crevices within cliffs and caves. While considered a solitary species, there are reports of small groups of spotted bats clustered together during hibernation. This species feeds mostly on moths and beetles. A lot is still unknown about the life history of the spotted bat.

Conservation Status


Photo Credit: Paul Cryan




NABat utilizes monitoring data provided by a broad network of partners to support regional and range-wide inferences about changes in the distributions and abundances of bat populations facing current and emerging threats.

Information used to populate this page was obtained from the following sources:


NatureServe Explorer

United States Fish and Wildlife Service Environmental Conservation Online System 

Bat Conservation International Bat Profiles

National Atlas of the United States. (2011). North American Bat Ranges, 1830-2008. National Atlas of the United States. Available at:

Taylor, M. 2019. Bats: an illustrated guide to all species. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Books.